Scalp Eczema: What Is It and How Do You Deal With It?
Eczema can be hard to handle on the skin but on the scalp? Scalp eczema can be very difficult and frustrating to understand, control, and keep at bay but the following article provides some insight on root causes and treatments to use to reduce discomfort.
What is Eczema?
Eczema is a skin condition where the skin becomes inflamed, itchy, red, cracked, and very rough. This term is usually used to generally describe common skin conditions such as atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, and nummular eczema. Although there are several types of eczema, the most common type is atopic dermatitis. Along with the previously listed effects, the skin of those who suffer from eczema may start to blister if not treated properly. Some things that can cause such reactions are the consumption of certain foods like tomatoes, nuts, and dairy. The specific effects of eating such foods vary depending on the age of the candidate. Although this may be the case, most reactions result in red and itchy bumps that are very hard to resist scratching. Along with the consumption of certain foods, various environmental aspects, such as smoke and pollen, can cause the irritation of eczema. Despite the redness and itchy qualities eczema has, it is not contagious.
What is Scalp Eczema?
Scalp Eczema is a more specific type of eczema that affects the scalp. It causes your scalp to become itchy, dry, and inflamed which can be very uncomfortable for the person experiencing these symptoms. The most common type of scalp eczema is seborrheic dermatitis. It’s a most visible symptom is dandruff. In conjunction, those who suffer from this form of eczema may also have redness, scaly patches, swelling, itchiness, and burning in the affected areas of the scalp. Seborrheic dermatitis normally begins to develop during puberty or during adulthood. If these symptoms are seen in infants, it is genuinely referred to as cradle cap. Luckily, most cases of cradle cap tend to dissipate by the time the infant is one year old.
Eczema and Dandruff
Just like regular eczema, scalp eczema can be made worse by the naturally occurring oils and fungus formed on the skin. The two main natural irritants are sebum (yeast that lives on the skin) and Malassezia (skin fungus). High levels of sebum on the skin cause greasy scales to develop on the scalp because of it’s waxy and fatty makeup. On the other hand, dandruff is caused when Malassezia fungus irritates the sebaceous glands on the scalp which triggers the body’s immune system to respond unnecessarily which causes scaly rashes.
What Causes Skin Eczema?
Although the exact cause of seborrheic dermatitis isn’t known, it is known to be caused by genetics, hormonal changes, or abnormal responses from the immune system. Anyone has the likelihood of having or developing this form of eczema. However, one may be more susceptible to getting it if you;
Have another skin condition (acne, rosacea, psoriasis)
Take medications that have interferon, lithium, or psoralen
Have a preexisting condition that affects your immune system (organ transplant, HIV, or Parkinson’s Disease)
Along with the aforementioned likely causes or contributors to causing or developing seborrheic eczema, it also has a tendency to occur at specific times. Triggers consist of stress, contact with harsh chemicals, illness, or hormone changes. Because seborrheic eczema can be caused or irritated by contact, it has triggers or irritants that cause unbearable inflammation in affected areas. A study was conducted to determine the most common irritants for scalp eczema and it was concluded that Balsam of Peru, cobalt, fragrances, and nickel was the most frequent to blame. It is advised to stay away from making contact with these items to decrease the likelihood of causing inflammation.
How Is Scalp Eczema Treated?
Despite the fact that scalp eczema cannot be cured, there are ways to manage life with it. The most effective and combative thing to use to fight against scalp eczema is shampoo. If one suffers from this form of eczema, it is highly recommended to use a shampoo with the following ingredients;
If the seborrheic eczema is in the mild stages, antifungal creams, sprays, and or ointments are quite effective. These remedies generally have coal tar or corticosteroids in them which help decrease irritation and slowly decrease flaking over time. Sometimes, doctors may find it necessary to prescribe non-corticosteroid medicines in the form of topical drugs that suppress the immune system. The most common one is called calcineurin inhibitors. This can be used for extended periods of time until improvements are seen. In cases of scalp eczema become extremely severe, doctors prescribe oral antifungal medications to provide quicker relief.
Scalp eczema thought to be difficult and frustrating to understand and control just got that much easier to control. Like any other eczema, treatments take time to work before physical results are seen but the relief is felt right away. Scalp eczema may be a pain, but once you’ve found the right treatments to use as well as the things to stay away from, life with Seborrheic Dermatitis becomes that much easier.
We recently received an email from a mother who was worried about her baby having cradle cap and eczema. It turns out her baby was suffering from cradle cap and not eczema.
It’s a natural reaction to think your baby may have eczema when you see dried flakes of skin in their hair. But this could simply be cradle cap and not eczema.
Lets have a look at the differences and how to treat cradle cap.
What is cradle cap?
Cradle cap affects young babies and forms as red/brown crusty scales on their head. It starts on the head but can progress and spread to their face and diaper area. If this occurs it may be diagnosed by your Doctor or Gp as seborrheic dermatitis. Seborrheic dermatitis is a noninfectious skin condition that’s very common in infants and babies. It usually starts in the first few weeks of their lives and slowly disappearing over a period of weeks or months.
Cradle cap is very common and should cause you no concerns at all. Cradle cap can start at birth and usually disappears before your childs first birthday. Many mothers worry about their child’s cradle cap and look for any way to treat and cure it. However, medical treatment is not called for.
Cradle cap and eczema can look very similar but the conditions are totally different. In this article, we will look at both symptoms and help you identify the differences. If you are unsure and worried about your child’s condition our advice would always be to seek medical advice from your Doctor or GP.
Our advice is given from experience, not medial training and should be taken as such. We have been treating and managing eczema in my family for over 200 Years starting back with my great grandmother and through to myself and my 3 children. One of my sons has very bad eczema and has received just about every form of eczema treatment known to man. So our advice on cradle cap and eczema has been gained from these experiences and shared to help others.
What’s the difference between cradle cap and eczema?
It’s easy to confuse cradle cap and eczema so don’t beat yourself up if you are worried or concerns, that’s natural as a new mum or dad. It’s always best to seek advice rather than risk leaving it and unconsciously making your child suffer for longer.
The symptoms of cradle cap and eczema may look similar but on close inspection, it’s easy to spot the differences. There are also historical facts that can help determine whether your child has cradle cap or eczema. For instance if eczema runs in your family the chances of your baby having it are increased.
Family history can have a big part to play in the diagnosis of eczema. It’s very rare to not have any form of eczema in your family then suddenly you give birth to a child that has the condition. We are not saying this is impossible, but there is usually a sign of eczema already in your family which is passed down from generation to generation.
Cradle cap is a build-up of natural oils and dry scaly skin. This forms a yellow & brown crust on your babies head, eyebrows or behind the ears. It is totally natural and easy to treat, treatment is not always needed and some parent choice to simply and naturally leave it to disappear naturally through washing and bathing.
Eczema is patches of red, dry and itchy skin on the face or behind the ears, and in the creases of the neck, knees, and elbows. The main issues with eczema in babies is the irresistible urge to scratch the itchy patches and the eczema can get infected as a result. This is the number one issue with eczema, therefore, most treatments involve trying to reduce the inflammation to reduce itching. Essential oils for babies are a good way to treat infant eczema we have included a link to our full review of this treatment for you. The number one rule for treating eczema is to moisturize and avoid irritants and foods that can cause flare-ups.
How do you treat cradle cap?
The good news for cradle cap is that the condition isn’t contagious, and it generally isn’t painful or itchy. Plus, it won’t leave any scars. Most people simply worry due to the appearance and the worry that it may be eczema and not cradle cap.
Treatment is simple and a natural approach is best.
Cradle cap comes from the production of too much oil (sebum) in the oil glands and hair follicles, trapping dead skin cells. Another reason may be Malassezia, which is a yeast fungus that grows in the sebum along with bacteria. The best way to prevent cradle cap is to wash your babies hair daily with a gentle and mild babies shampoo like CeraVe Baby Shampoo this will help prevent the build-up of oils and stop the scalp from becoming dry and scaly.
This process is the best way to treat and manage cradle cap. Don’t worry if in this process some hair falls out. It will grow back and is totally natural and will not leave any bald patches.
Brushing the excess skin from their head is very therapeutic for both mother and child. My wife loved to sit for hours taking all the bits of dead skin out from our sons head. It’s a good way to build that natural mother and child bond.
Sometimes the cradle cap can start to weep fluid and spread to your child’s face and neck area, again this isn’t anything to worry about but if you’re unsure then please seek medical advice to check that no bacteria has crept into the cracked skin. Again if it has, don’t worry this is easily treated.
Is cradle cap itchy?
Cradle cap if left untreated can become itchy if the dry scales build up which will make your child’s scalp inflamed and red/sore.
Baby eczema is very itchy and this is one of the main signs and differences between the two. Eczema is more red and sore and itchy and cradle cap is drier, flaky and not as itchy.
Cradle cap can become itchy if the skin is left and trapped in the hair. This is why most people brush the loose flakes out of their child’s hair.
What is infant eczema?
Infant eczema is red patches of dry and itchy skin. They are normally rough to touch and can become inflamed and raised.
Babies can suffer from infant eczema all over their body but it mainly affects their knees, joints, armpits and other sweaty areas of the body.
Eczema happens when the body makes too few fatty cells called ceramides. If you don’t have enough of them, your skin will lose water and become very dry. The treatment is to replace lost moisture daily.
Baby eczema is often confused with Atopic Dermatitis which is totally different. Baby and infant eczema often disappear without warning after a year or two. Treatment should be to moisturize their skin daily and remove any irritants like the ones listed below to help reduce the itchiness.
Wool and other hot materials, keep your child’s skin cool
Stress and tiredness
Soaps that change the skin’s natural pH
Some laundry detergents and washing powders. Try Bio Balls chemical-free washing
Cleaning solutions, including dish soap, disinfectants, or surface cleaners
Sprays and air fresheners
Chemicals like chlorine, mineral oil, or solvents
Dust or sand
Damp and mold
If you are worried about your child having any form or eczema then please visit our website where we have hundreds of helpful eczema articles written by us and other parents coping with this skin condition.
Cradle cap treatment
Keep it natural. Wash your babies head with a good quality baby shampoo that is sensitive and gentle. Our top 3 picks are listed below and we have included a link for these products from Amazon to make it easier for you to find. These are in no particular order of preference.
Follow the steps explained above and you will have no problem treating cradle cap.
The first thing to remember if your baby has cradle cap is not to panic! It is very common and easy to treat. Most parents you talk to will tell you their child had cradle cap of some shape or form. I don’t personally know any baby that didn’t have some form of cradle cap, even if it was just for a week or so.
Keep the treatment simple, apply oils overnight and wash off the next morning. Then dry and enjoy brushing out the dead skin and bond with your baby.
We hope you found this article helpful, please share if you do and help other parents manage their child cradle cap.
What are the best Eczema Shampoos available over the counter?
The Immune system undertakes special chemical changes and fights against diseases when your skin comes into contact with any allergic element or residue. No doubt, we are exposed to infinite substances each day and most of them don’t affect our immune system at all.
In some cases, our body comes in contact with some substances that aren’t typically harmful but they trigger an immune system response. These substances are typically called allergens. An allergic reaction can cause different health issues can adopt a number of forms i.e. burning eyes, cough, runny nose, skin diseases, difficulty breathing etc. Similarly, allergic eczema is an itchy skin rash that causes the skin to be irritated and inflamed.
After a request from our followers, we have come up with a post to describe eczema on the scalp and to recommend best eczema shampoo available over the counter without a prescription. This condition is also called dermatitis and has several types.
The real cause of scalp eczema is still unknown, but it may be triggered due to
An allergic reaction to something that either comes in contact with the skin or eaten
Furthermore, you may have more chance to develop scalp eczema if you have
Other skin diseases like psoriasis, rosacea, or acne
Depression, anxiety, or insomnia
Prescribed medicines containing psoralen, lithium, or interferon
A predefined health condition affecting your immune system such as heart disease, cancer, HIV etc.
How to Soothe Eczema Symptoms
Yes, there is no permanent known cure for eczema, all we can do is ease and control the symptoms. We can control and ease the symptoms by selecting the right skin care products for scalp eczema. First of all, it is essential to get rid of the “itch-scratch cycle” of this condition. Excess itch can lead to scratching which can cause serious complications. For instance, broken skin from scratching may be infected with a further disease and require more medication.
Choosing the right shampoo for scalp eczema can assist you to break this cycle, eczema shampoos help in soothing the scalp thus reducing the urge to itch.
Choosing the best Eczema Shampoo
Selecting the right shampoo for scalp eczema is essential because the majority of shampoos sold in the UK & US contain certain ingredients that can worsen the scalp eczema and itchiness on the skin. Also, make sure to select a fragrance-free shampoo instead of an unscented shampoo, both these terms may sound the same but they have different meanings.
In unscented shampoos, the fragrance is masked so we cannot smell it. However, in fragrance-free shampoos, there is no fragrance at all, even the ones that we cannot smell.
A combination of artificial ingredients and chemicals included in skin care products like fragrances, soap, colorants, and preservatives can affect sensitive skin. Make you read the list of chemicals used in every skin care product you use in case you have a skin condition like eczema.
Most shampoos used for skin conditions like scalp eczema generally include Ketoconazole, Glycerol, Salicylic acid, Cold-pressed Aloe Vera, Glycerin, Phenoxyethanol, Caprylyl Glycol, Polyquaternium-10 etc. as their active ingredients.
Top 3 recommendations from our experts
Here is the list of our top-rated list of eczema shampoos which are all filtered from the world’s leading marketplace – Amazon! We hope you find the best eczema shampoo over here.
Amara Organics is known for their aloe vera products that add great value to your skin. This efficient product is 100% pure with no colour, alcohol, or fragrance. It consists of almost 99.75% natural, organic, cold pressed aloe vera. Though, the rest of .25% consists of some essential preservatives necessary to keep the versatility and effectiveness of the product, stable and most of all safe.
This product is as natural as breaking a leaf off an aloe vera plant and works great for skin conditions like acne or eczema. Amara’s gel is easily absorbed by the skin due to its thin consistency, thus saving you from any sticky or tacky residue for long after using the product.
This gives us the freedom to use this gel in hot weather or before going to bed. Note that this gel comes in an 8-ounce bottle.
Great for insect bites
Can also be used as hair gel, aftershave, or leave in conditioner
Exederm is considered as one of the best shampoo for scalp eczema and sensitive skin irrespective of all the chemicals and synthetic ingredients. Exederm Shampoo cleanses the hair well enough and its ingredients are not likely to cause any complication or irritation.
Being a winner of the National Eczema Association Award, Exederm ensures a healthier scalp. This shampoo is perfect for people with severe scalp problems and helps in reducing the urge to itch.
It is also a low-foam skin care product that is free of Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) and sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), two of the most irritating and harmful ingredients in shampoos. Aside from its functionality, Exederm Shampoo doesn’t contain any fragrance, propylene glycol, parabens, and artificial colors, which could only make the scalp condition worse.
I know this shampoo says ‘ Dandruff relief and eczema isn’t Dandruff but Jason Natural Dandruff Relief Shampoo contains rich and natural ingredients like jojoba oil, rosemary, and olive, and is balanced by colloidal sulfur and other preservatives that treats flaky, itchy, and dry scalp skin.
While rosemary is known to improve the quality of scalp, skin, and hair colloidal sulfur undergo a natural remedy to fight various skin conditions like acne, psoriasis, eczema, and seborrheic dermatitis. Another efficient ingredient used in Jason Natural Dandruff Relief Shampoo is methylsulfonylmethane (MSM), that improves the scalp, accelerate the soothing effect of shampoo, and relieves the itchiness.
This product fulfills 100% FDA standards. Yet it smells strong and unpleasant during the wash.
Cleanses hair well enough
Relieves itchiness, redness, and dead skin cells on scalp
Fulfills FDA standards
Essential oils keep the hair moisturized
Some people find its strong scent unpleasant
Cause burning sensation on scalp temporarily
Aside from selecting an efficient shampoo or gel for your scalp eczema, having the right shower knowledge and information can also be of great help.
This article goes into some practical ways to help your eczema in your scalp or on your head. Make sure you avoid overly hot showers and the temperature must be set in a way that feels tolerant – to notches down from where you want it to be. It may feel tempting but can help you soothe your eczema symptoms.
If you’re going to use any of the shampoos mentioned above or thinking to select one on your own depending on these conditions, ingredients, and effects, you are already in the right direction. In case of further queries or suggestions, feel free to comment down below.